Image Reserve
Reserve Reading List
Northern Renaissance Art
Winter 1999
Art History 343
A. Acres


What follows is a selection of books, most in English, that deal with large bodies of the material covered in this course. It is intended as a preliminary resource for further reading and research on Northern Renaissance art. Monographs devoted to individual artists and projects are, for the most part, omitted. These may be located with relative ease through the bibliographies and citations of the books listed here, as well as through Janus, databases, and other bibliographic resources.

The bibliography is ordered by the following categories:

* General
* Bohemia/Central Europe/International Gothic
* The Netherlands
* France
* Germany
* Graphic Arts
* Iconography
* Collections



Alexander, J.J. G. Medieval Illuminators and Their Methods of Work. New Haven, 1992.

Belting, H. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Trans. E. Jephcott. Chicago, 1994.

Benesch, O. The Art of the Renaissance in Northern Europe. Cambridge, 1945.

Campbell, L. Renaissance Portraits. New Haven, 1990.

Cuttler, C. Northern Painting from Pucelle to Bruegel. New York, 1968.

Dunkerton, J. et al. Giotto to Dürer: Early Renaissance Painting in the National Gallery. New Haven and London, 1991.

Harbison, C. The Mirror of the Artist: Northern Renaissance Art in its Historical Context. New York, 1995.

Jardine, L. Worldly Goods: A New History of the Renaissance. New York, 1996.

Kaufmann, T. Da Costa. The Mastery of Nature Aspects of Art, Science, and Humanism in the Renaissance. Princeton, 1993.

Müller, T. Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France, and Spain 1400-1500. Harmondsworth, 1966.

Ozment, S. The Age of Reform 1250-1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe. New Haven, 1980.

Parshall, P. and L. Art and the Reformation: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston, 1986.

Ringbom, S. Icon to Narrative: The Rise of the Devotional Close-Up in Fifteenth-Century Devotional Painting. Doornspijk, 1983.

Stechow, W. Northern Renaissance Art 1400-1600: Sources and Documents. Engelwood Cliffs, 1989.

Thompson, D.V. The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting. New York, 1956.

Van Os, H. et al. The Art of Devotion in the Late Middle Ages in Europe 1300-1500. Princeton, 1994.

Wieck, R.S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York, 1988.


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Bohemia/ Central Europe/ International Gothic

Bachmann, E. Gothic Art in Bohemia. New York, 1977.

Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery. The International Style: The Arts in Europe Around 1400. Baltimore, 1962.

Cologne, Schnütgen Museum. Kunst der Gotik aus Böhmen. Cologne, 1985.

Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum. Die Parler und der Schöne Stil 1350-1400: Europäische Kunst unter dem Luxemborgen. 5 vols. Cologne, 1978.

Fucíková, E., ed. Rudolf II and Prague: The Court and the City. London, 1997.

Kaufmann, T. DaCosta. Art and Architecture in Central Europe, 1550-1620: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston, 1988.

-----. Court, Cloister, and City: The Art and Culture of Central Europe, 1450-1800. Chicago, 1995.

Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum. Europäische Kunst um 1400 (L'art européen vers 1400). Vienna, 1962.


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The Netherlands

Ainsworth, M.W. et al. From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998.

Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum. Art Before Iconoclasm: North Netherlandish Art 1525-1580. Amsterdam, 1986.

Bauman, G. and Liedtke, W. Flemish Paintings in America: A Survey of the Early Netherlandish and Flemish Paintings in the Public Collections of North America. Antwerp, 1992.

Bauman, G. Early Flemish Portraits 1425-1525 (Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Spring, 1986). New York, 1986.

Belting, H. and Kruse, C. Die Erfindung des Gemäldes: das erste Jahrhundert der niederländischen Malerei. Munich, 1994.

Blum, S. Early Netherlandish Triptychs. Berkeley, 1969.

Bruges, Groeningemuseum. Primitifs flamands anonymes: Maitres aux noms d'emprunt des Pays-Bas méridionaux du XVe et du debut du XVIe siècle Bruges, 1969.

Campbell, L. The Fifteenth-Century Netherlandish Schools. London, 1998.

Châtelet, A. Early Dutch Painting: Painting in the North Netherlands in the Fifteenth Century. Secaucus, 1980.

Comblen-Sonkes, M. Guide bibliographique de la peinture flamande du XVe siècle. Brussels, 1984.

Detroit, Institute of Art. Flanders in the Fifteenth Century: Art and Civilization. Detroit, 1960.

Falkenburg, R. The Fruit of Devotion: Mysticism and the Imagery of Love in Flemish Paintings of the Virgin and Child. Amsterdam, 1994.

Friedländer, M.J. Early Netherlandish Painting. 14 vols. New York and Washington, D.C., 1967-76.

-----. Early Netherlandish Painting from Van Eyck to Bruegel. London, 1952.

Gibson, W. 'Mirror of the Earth': The World Landscape in Sixteenth-Century Flemish Painting. Princeton, 1989.

Huizinga, J. The Autumn of the Middle Ages. Trans. R.J. Payton and U. Mammitszch. Chicago, 1996.

Husband, T. The Luminous Image: Painted Glass Roundels in the Lowlands, 1480-1560. New York, 1995.

Jacobs, L. Early Netherlandish Carved Altarpieces, 1380-1550: Medieval Tastes and Mass Marketing. Cambridge, 1998.

Lane, B. The Altar and the Altarpiece: Sacramental Themes in Early Netherlandish Painting. New York, 1984.

-----. Flemish Painting Outside Bruges, 1400-1500: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston, 1986.

Mander, Carel van. The Lives of the Illustrious Netherlandish and German Painters, from the first edition of the Schilder-boeck (1603-1604). 4 vols. Trans. and Ed. H. Miedema. Doornspijk, 1994.

Marrow, J. A Descriptive and Analytical Catalogue of Dutch Illustrated Manuscripts of the 15th and 16th Centuries (Studies and Facsimiles of Netherlandish Illuminated Manuscripts, 2). 2 vols. Doornspijk, 1998.

Marrow, J. et al. The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting. New York, 1990.

Mundy, E.J. Painting in Bruges, 1470-1550: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston, 1985.

Panofsky, E. Early Netherlandish Painting: Its Origins and Character. 2 vols. New York, 1953.

Périer-d'Ieteren, C. Colyn de Coter et la technique picturale des peintres flamands du XVe siècle. Brussels, 1985.

Philippot, P. La peinture dans les anciens Pays-Bas XVe-XVIe siècles. Paris, 1994.

Les Primitifs flamands, corpus de la peinture des anciens Pays-Bas méridionaux au quinzième siècle. (Ongoing project, many vols.)

Sander, J. "Die Entdeckung der Kunst": Niederländische Kunst des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts in Frankfurt. Mainz, 1995.

Vaughan, R. Valois Burgundy. Hamden, 1974.

Verougstraete-Marcq, H. and Van Schoute, R. Cadres et supports dans la peinture flamande aux 15e et 16e siècles. Heure-le-Romain, 1989.

Wilhelmy, W. Der altniederländische Realismus und seine Funktionen. Studien zur kirchlichen Bilpropaganda des 15. Jahrhunderts. Hamburg, 1993.

Wilson, J. C. Painting in Bruges at the Close of the Middle Ages: Studies in Society and Visual Culture. University Park, PA, 1998.

Wolfthal, D. The Beginnings of Early Netherlandish Canvas Paintings 1400-1530. Cambridge, 1989.


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Blunt, A. Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700. Harmondsworth, 1980.

Laclotte, M. L'école d'Avignon: la peinture en Provence aux XIVe et XVe siècles. Paris, 1960.

Mâle, E. L'Art réligieux de la fin du moyen age en France. Paris, 1925.

Meiss, M. French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry. 3 vols. London and New York, 1967, 1968, 1974.

Ring, G. A Century of French Painting 1400-1500. London, 1949.

Sterling, C. La peinture médievale à Paris 1300-1500. 2 vols. Paris, 1987.


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Baxandall, M. The Limewood Sculptors of Renaissance Germany. New Haven, 1980.

Budde, R. Köln und seine Maler 1300-1500. Cologne, 1986.

Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum. Vor Stefan Lochner. Cologne, 1974.

Hamburger, J. The Visual and the Visionary: Art and Female Spirituality in Late Medieval Germany. New York , 1998.

Kaufmann, T. Da Costa. Court, Cloister, and City: The Art and Culture of Central Europe, 1450-1800. Chicago, 1995.

Koerner, J. L. The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art. Chicago, 1993.

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art. Gothic and Renaissance Art in Nuremberg 1300-1550 New York, 1986.

Smith, J. C. German Sculpture of the Later Renaissance, c. 1520-1580: Art in an Age of Uncertainty. Princeton, 1994.

Stange, A. Deutsche Malerei der Gotik. 10 vols. Berlin, 1934-1960.

Wood, C. Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape. Chicago, 1993.

Zehnder, F. Katalog der altkölner Malerei. Kataloge des Wallraf-Richartz Museums 11. Cologne, 1990.


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Graphic Arts

Andersson, C. and Talbot, C. From a Mighty Fortress: Prints, Drawings, and Books in the Age of Luther 1483-1546. Detroit, 1983.

Bartrum, G. The German Renaissance Print. London, 1995.

Bartsch, A. Le peintre-graveur. 21 vols. Vienna, 1803-21.

-----. The Illustrated Bartsch. Many vols. New York, 1978-- . (Illustrates, revises, expands Bartsch)

Field, R. Fifteenth-Century Woodcuts and Metalcuts. Washington, 1965.

Geisberg, M. Der deutsche Einblatt-Holzschnitt in der ersten Hälfte des XVI. Jahrhunderts. Munich, 1923-30.

Goddard, S. The World in Miniature: Engravings by the German Little Masters 1500-1550. Lawrence, 1988.

Hind, A.M. An Introduction to a History of Woodcut. London, 1935.

-----. A Short History of Engraving and Etching. London, 1923.

Hollstein, F.W.H. Dutch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts c. 1450-1700. 45 vols. and counting. Amsterdam, 1949--.

-----. German Engravings, Etchings and Woodcuts 1400-1700. Many vols. Amsterdam, 1954--.

Lehrs, M. Geschichte und kritischer Katalog des deutschen, niederländischen und franzözischen Kupferstichs im XV. Jahrhundert. 9 vols. Vienna, 1908-34.

Moxey, K. Peasants, Warriors, and Wives: Popular Imagery in the Reformation. Chicago and London, 1989.

Parshall, P. and Landau, D. The Renaissance Print 1470-1550. New Haven and London, 1994.

Passavant, J.D. Le peintre-graveur. 6 vols. Leipzig, 1860-64.

Rowlands, J. The Age of Dürer and Holbein: German Drawings, 1400-1500. Cambridge, 1988.

Russell, H. D. Eva/Ave: Woman in Renaissance and Baroque Prints. Washington, 1990.

Scheller, R. Exemplum: Model-book Drawings and the Practice of Artistic Transmission in the Middle Ages (ca. 900-ca. 1470). Amsterdam, 1995.

Scribner, R.W. For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation. Oxford, 1994.

Shestack, A. Fifteenth-Century Engravings from Northern Europe. Washington, 1967.

Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art. The Age of Bruegel: Netherlandish Drawings in the Sixteenth Century. Washington, D.C., 1986.

Zerner, H. The School of Fontainebleau: Etchings and Engravings. London, 1969.

Zerner, Henri; Grivel, M. and Burlingham, C. The French Renaissance in Prints. Los Angeles, 1994.


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Grössinger, C. Picturing Women in Late Medieval and Renaissance Art. Manchester, 1997.

Hall, J. Dictionary of Subjects and Symbols in Art. New York, 1979.

Jameson, A. Legends of the Madonna. London, 1852.

Kirschbaum, E. et al. Lexikon der Christlichen Ikonographie. Freiburg-im-Breisgau, 1968-72.

Marle, R. van. L'iconographie de l'art profane au moyen-age et à la Renaissance. The Hague, 1931.

Marrow, J. Passion Iconography in Northern European Art of the Later Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance. Kortrijk, 1979.

Réau, L. L'iconographie de l'art chrétien. Paris, 1957.

Schiller, G. Iconography of Christian Art. 2 vols. Trans. J. Seligmann. London, 1971-72.

Voragine, Jacobus da. The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints. 2 vols. Trans. W.G. Ryan. Princeton, 1993.


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Among the prime sources for recent scholarship in the field are the catalogues (both permanent collection and special exhibition) of the museums that own the works. The collections listed below, whose publications can be identified through Janus and other bibliographic resources, have some of the most noteworthy holdings in Northern Renaissance art.




    Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten
    Museum Mayer van den Bergh http://www.dma.be/cultuur/museum_mvdb/index.html


    Walters Art Gallery http://www.thewalters.org/


    Kunstmuseum http://www.kunstmuseumbasel.ch/


    Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz


    Museum of Fine Arts http://www.mfa.org/home.html




    Musée Royale des Beaux-Arts


    Fogg Museum http://www.artmuseums.harvard.edu/Fogg_Pages/FoggMain.html


    Art Institute http://www.artic.edu/


    Museum of Art http://www.clemusart.com/


    Wallraf-Richartz Museum
    Schnütgen Museum


    Musée des Beaux-Arts




    Galleria degli Uffizi http://www.uffizi.firenze.it/welcomeE.html


    Städelsches Kunstinstitut


    Musée d'Art et d'Histoire


    Frans Hals Museum

The Hague





    Stedelijk Museum (De Lakenhal)


    National Gallery
    Courtauld Institute


    Museo del Prado
    Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection (formerly in Lugano)


    Alte Pinakothek
    Bayerisches Nationalmuseum

New York

    Metropolitan Museum of Art
    Frick Collection


    Germanisches Nationalmuseum


    Musée du Louvre
    Musée Cluny


    Philadelphia Museum of Art


    Národní galerie v Praze


    Museum Boymans-van Beuningen


    Aartsbischoppelijk Museum
    Centraal Museum


    Kunsthistorisches Museum


    National Gallery of Art

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