The following are recommended as starting points for understanding
the problem of representing environments.
Representation of Places
An architect's examination of how to record urban places, including
sequential perspective sketches, photography, maps, modelscope simulations
and computer techniques. Extensively illustrated.
Bosselman, Peter, Representation of Places, Berkeley: Univ of California
How to use a sketch journal to record the experiences of places.
Describes drawing as a thinking process. Explains what to document
and kinds of descriptive and analytical techniques. Considerations
are followed by a variety of examples from designers and architects.
Crowe, Norman and Paul Laseau, Visual Notes, New York: Wiley &
Image of the City
Classic explanation of how inhabitants remember cities through districts,
nodes, paths, landmarks and boundaries. Uses a clear graphic language
to map parts of Boston. Describes a specific approach for surveying
a city. See also "Walk Around the Block" in which longtime
residents' perceptions of place are compared to those of newcomers.
Lynch, Kevin, 1960, The Image of the City, MIT Press, Cambridge.
Explains the process of using diagrams to examine a place for the
design process. Clarifies techniques for using graphic language.
Shows how to turn analytical diagrams into design generators.
White, Edward T., 1983, Site Analysis, Tallahassee, FL: Architectural