List of Publications (56)

Marshall, D.J., P.J. Krug, E. Kupriyanova, M. Byrne, R.B. Emlet. 2012. The biogeography of marine invertebrate life histories. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 43: 97-114.

Young, C.M., R. He, R.B. Emlet, Y. Li, H. Qian, S.D. Arellano, A. Van Gaest, K.C. Bennett, M. Wolf-Watts, T.I. Smart and M.E. Rice. 2012. Simulated dispersal trajectories of deep-sea larvae from the intra-American seas. Integrative and Comparative Biology 53:483-496. doi:10.1093/icb/ics090

Hart, M.W., I. Popovic, and R.B. Emlet. 2012. Low rates of bindin codon evolution in lecithotrophic Heliocidaris sea urchins. Evolution 66:1709-1721. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01606.x

Bennett, K.C., C.M. Young and R.B. Emlet. 2012. Larval development and metamorphosis of the deep-sea cidaroid urchin Cidaris blakei. Biological Bulletin 222:105-117.

Smart, T.I., C.M. Young, R.B. Emlet. 2011. Environmental cues and seasonal reproduction in a temperatre estuary: a case study of Owenia collaris (Annelida: Polychaeta, Oweniidae). Marine Ecology Published on line10/18/2011: doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2011.00493.x

Hart, M.W, C.H. Jeffery Abt, R.B. Emlet. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of echinometrid sea urchins: more species of Heliocidaris with derived modes of reproduction. Invertebrate Biology 130: 175-185. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2011.00231.x

Emlet, R.B. 2010. Morphological evolution of newly metamorphosed sea urchins - A phylogenetic and functional analysis. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50:(4) 571- 588. doi:10.1093/icb/icq073

Geierman, C. and R.B. Emlet.  2009. Feeding behavior, cirral fan anatomy, Reynolds numbers, and leakiness of Balanus glandula, from post-metamorphic juvenile to the adult Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2009.08.003

Emlet, R.B., S.A. Maslakova, A.L. Shanks, & C.M. Young.  2009.  Biological Bulletin virtual symposium: Biology of Marine Invertebrate larvae. Biological Bulletin 216: 201-202.


Emlet, R.B. 2009. The bilaterally asymmetrical larval form of Stomopneustes  variolaris Lamarck). Biological Bulletin 216:163-174 (April 2009).


Emlet, R.B. 2007. “Echinoderms Overview” in Encyclopedia of Tidepools and Rocky Shores (M.W. Denny & S.D. Gaines, eds.) UC Press, Berkeley.


Berger, M.S. and R.B. Emlet. 2007. Heat-shock response of the upper intertidal barnacle Balanus glandula: thermal stress and acclimation. Biological Bulletin 212(3): 232-241.


Berger, M.S., Darrah, A.J., Emlet, R.B. 2006. Spatial and temporal variability of early post-settlement survivorship and growth in the barnacle Balanus glandula along an estuarine gradient. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 336(1): 74-87. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2006.04.009.


Emlet, R.B. 2006. Direct development of the brittle star Amphiodia occidentalis (Echinodermata,Ophiuroidea, Amphiuridae) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Invertebrate Biology 125(2): 154-171. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7410.2006.00049.x


Emlet, R.B. and S. Sadro. 2006. Linking stages of life history: How larval quality translates into juvenile performance for an intertidal barnacle (Balanus glandula). Integrative and Comparative Biology 46(3): 334-346. doi: 10.1093/icb/icj023.


Marshall, D.J., C.N. Cook, and R.B. Emlet. 2006. Offspring size effects mediate competitive interactions in a colonial marine invertebrate. Ecology 87: 247-257.


Jeffery, C.H., R.B. Emlet, and D.T. J. Littlewood.  (2003) Phylogeny and evolution of development in temnopleurid echinoids.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 99-118.


Jeffery, C.H. and R.B. Emlet.  (2003) Macroevolutionary consequences of developmental mode in temnopleurid echinoids from the Tertiary of southern Australia.  Evolution 57: 1031-1048 .


Jeffery, C.H. and Emlet, R.B. (2003) Sexually dimorphic sea urchins: identifying the sexes in Pentechinus mirabilis.  Alcheringa 27: 117-123


Emlet, R.B. 2002. “Life History Stages” in M. Pagel (ed.) Encyclopedia of Evolution, Oxford University Press.  Pp. 622-623.


Kay, M.C. and R.B. Emlet.  2002. Laboratory spawning, larval development, and metamorphosis of the limpets Lottia digitalis and Lottia asmi (Patellogastropoda: Lottidae). Invertebrate Biology 121: 11-24.


Emlet, R.B., C.M. Young and S.B. George.  2002.  Phylum Echinodermata: Echinoidea, Chapter 28 in An Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. (C.M. Young, M.E. Rice and M.A. Sewell, eds)  Academic Press.


Byrne, M., R.B. Emlet and A. Cerra.  2001. Ciliated band structure of planktotrophic and lecithotrophic larvae of Heliocidaris species (Echinodermata: Echinoidae): a demonstration of conservation and change. Acta Zoologica 82: 189-199.


Moran, A.L. and R.B. Emlet.  2001. Offspring size and performance in variable environments: field studies on a marine snailEcology 82:1597-1612


Hentschel, B.T. and R.B. Emlet.  2000.  Metamorphosis of barnacle nauplii: effects of food variability and a comparison with amphibian models. Ecology 81: 3495-3508.


Emlet, R.B.  2000. What is a juvenile sea urchin?  A comparative and phylogenetic survey of post-metamorphic juveniles.  Zygote 8 (Supplement): S44-S45.


Kelman, D. and R.B. Emlet 1999. Swimming and buoyancy in ontogenetic stages of the cushion star Pteraster tesselatus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) and their implications for distribution and movement. Biological Bulletin 197: 309-314.


Miner, B.G., E. Sanford, R.R. Strathmann, B. Pernet, and R.B. Emlet. 1999. Functional and evolutionary implications of opposed bands, big mouths, and extensive oral ciliation in larval opheliids and echiurids (Annelida). Biological Bulletin 197: 14-25.


Miller, B.A. and R.B. Emlet.  1999. Development of newly-metamorphosed juvenile sea urchins(Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and S. purpuratus): Morphology, the effects of temperature and larval food ration, and a method for determining age. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 235: 67-90.


Miller, B.A. and R.B. Emlet. 1997. The influence of nearshore hydrodynamics on larval abundance and settlement of the sea urchins Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and S. purpuratus in the Oregon upwelling zone. Marine Ecology Progress Series 148: 83‑94.


Hoegh-Guldberg, O. and R.B. Emlet 1997. Energy use during the development of a lecithotrophic and a planktotrophic echinoid. Biological Bulletin 192: 27-41.


Emlet, R.B. and O. Hoegh-Guldberg. 1997. Egg size and post-larval performance: experimental evidence from a sea urchin.  Evolution 51: 141-152.


Emlet, R.B.  1995. Developmental mode and species geographic range in regular sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Evolution 49: 476-489.


Emlet, R.B.  1995.  Larval spicules, cilia, and symmetry as remnants of indirect development in the direct developing sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Developmental Biology 167: 405-415.


Emlet, R.B. 1994.  Body form and ciliation in nonfeeding larvae of echinoderms: functional solutions to swimming in the plankton?  American Zoologist 34: 570-585.


Emlet, R.B. and E.E. Ruppert. 1994. Introduction to the symposium: Evolutionary morphology of marine invertebrate larvae and juveniles.  American Zoologist 34: 481-483.


Emlet, R.B. and R.R. Strathmann. 1994. Functional consequences of simple cilia in the mitraria of oweniids (an anomalous larva of an anomalous polychaete) and comparisons with other larvae.  Chapter 12 in W.H. Wilson, Jr., S.A. Stricker, & G.L. Shinn (eds), Reproduction and development of Marine Invertebrates, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore.  Pp. 143-157.


Podolsky, R. and R.B. Emlet.  1993.  Partitioning the effects of temperature and viscosity on swimming and water movement by sand dollar larvae (Dendraster excentricus). Journal of Experimental Biology 176: 207‑221.


Amemiya, S. and R.B. Emlet. 1992.  The development and larval form of the echinothurioid echinoid, Asthenosoma ijimai, Revisited. Biological Bulletin 182: 15‑30.


Emlet, R.B. 1991.  Functional constraints on the evolution of larval forms of marine invertebrates: experimental and comparative evidence.  American Zoologist 31: 707‑725.


Emlet, R.B. 1990. World patterns of developmental mode in echinoid echinoderms.  In M. Hoshi and O. Yamashita (eds) Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction Vol. 5, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.  Pp. 329‑335.


Emlet, R.B. 1990. Flow fields around ciliated larvae: the effects of natural and artificial tethers. Marine Ecology Progress Series 63: 221‑225.


Emlet, R.B. 1989. Apical skeletons of sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea): two methods for inferring mode of larval development.  Paleobiology 15: 223‑254.


Emlet, R.B. 1988.  Larval form and metamorphosis of a "primitive" sea urchin Eucidaris thouarsi (Echinodermata: Echinoidea: Cidaroida), with implications for developmental and phylogenetic studies. Biological Bulletin 174: 4‑19.


Emlet, R.B. 1988. Crystallographic axes of echinoid genital plates reflect larval form: some phylogenetic implications. Pp. 299‑310 in C.R.C. Paul and A.B. Smith (eds.) Echinoderm Phylogeny and Evolutionary Biology, Clarendon Press, Oxford.


Emlet, R.B., L.R. McEdward, and R.R. Strathmann. 1987.  Echinoderm larval ecology viewed from the egg. Pp. 55‑136 in M. Jangoux and J.M. Lawrence (eds.), Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 2. Balkema, Rotterdam.


Emlet, R.B. 1986. Facultative planktotrophy in the tropical echinoid Clypeaster rosaceus and a comparison with obligate planktotrophy in Clypeaster subdepressus (Clypeasteroida: Echinoidea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 95: 183‑202.        


Emlet, R.B. 1986. Larval production, dispersal, and growth in a fjord: A case study on larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 31: 245‑254.


Highsmith, R.C. and R.B. Emlet.  1986. Delayed metamorphosis: effect on growth and survival of juvenile sand dollars (Echinoidea: Clypeasteroida). Bulletin of Marine Science 39: 347‑361.


Pennington, J.T. and R.B. Emlet. 1986. Ontogenetic and diel vertical migration of a planktonic echinoid larva, Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz): occurrence, causes, and probable consequences. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 104: 69‑95.


Emlet, R.B. 1985. Crystal axes in Recent and fossil echinoids indicate trophic mode in larval development. Science 230:937‑940.


Emlet, R.B. and R.R. Strathmann. 1985. Gravity, drag, and the feeding currents of small zooplankton. Science 228:1016‑1017.


Lubchenco, J., B.A. Menge, S.D. Garrity, P.J. Lubchenco, L.R. Askenas, S.D. Gaines, R. Emlet, J. Lucas, and S. Strauss. 1984. Structure, persistence, and role of consumers in a tropical rocky intertidal community (Isla Taboguilla, Bay of Panama). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 78:23‑73.


Emlet, R.B. 1983. Locomotion, drag, and the rigid skeleton of larval echinoderms. Biological Bulletin 164:433‑445.


Emlet, R.B. 1982. Echinoderm calcite: A mechanical analysis from larval spicules. Biological Bulletin 163:264‑275.


Non-refereed Papers (2)

Emlet, R.B. 2002.  Sea urchin larval ecology: food rations, development, and size at metamorphosis.  In Y.Yokota, V. Matranga, and Z. Smolenicka (eds) The Sea Urchin: From Basic Biology to Aquaculture, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse.  Pp.105-110.


Emlet, R.B. 2002. Ecology of adult sea urchins.  In Y.Yokota, V. Matranga, and Z. Smolenicka (eds) The Sea Urchin: From Basic Biology to Aquaculture, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse. Pp. 111-114.