Week 1: Frameworks & History

ALL: Preface & Intro from:

J. R. Hackman (Ed.) (1990). Groups that work (and those that don't): Creating conditions for effective teamwork. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

NOTE: Following reading is cancelled and is not in your packets. I will cover the material in Friday lecture. Sorry for any confusion--HA

McGrath, J. E. (1997). Small group research: That once and future field: An interpretation of the past with an eye to the future. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 7-27.

Week 2: More Frameworks and Recent Review

ALL: Arrow, H., & McGrath, J. E. (1995). Membership dynamics in groups at work: A theoretical framework. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, 17, 373-411. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

ALL: Guzzo, R. A. & Dickson, M. W. (1996). Teams in organizations: Recent research on performance and effectiveness. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, 307-338.

Week 3: Group goals and social interdependence

ALL: Hackman, Part ONE intro and summary, plus ONE case in this part

X: Messick, D. M., & Brewer, M. B. (1983). Solving social dilemmas: A review. In L. Wheeler & P. Shaver (Eds)., Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 4 (pp. 11-44). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Y: Mitchell, T., & Silver, W. (1990). Individual and group goals when workers are interdependent: Effects on task strategies and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75 (2), 185-193.

Z: Weldon, E., & Weingart, L. R. (1993). Group goals and group performance. British Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 307-334.

Week 4: Group development

ALL: Hackman, Part TWO intro and summary, plus ONE case in this part

X: Arrow, H. (1997). Stability, bistability, and instability in small group influence patterns. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 75-85.

Y: McCollom, M. (1995). Reevaluating group development: A critique of familiar models. In J. Gillette & M. McCollom (Eds.), Groups in context: A new perspective on group dynamics (pp. 133-154). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Z: Worchel, S. (1994). You can go home again: Returning group research to the group context with an eye on developmental issues. Small Group Research, 25, 205-223.

Week 5: Tasks, Performance

ALL: Hackman, Part THREE intro and summary, plus ONE case

X: Diehl, M., & Stroebe, W. (1991). Productivity loss in idea-generating groups: Tracking down the blocking effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 392-403.

Y: Hinsz, V. B. (1990). Cognitive and consensus processes in group recognition memory performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 705-718.

Z: Laughlin, P. R. & Hollingshead, A. B. (1995). A theory of collective induction. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 61, 94-107.

Week 6: Members & Composition

ALL: Hackman, Part FOUR intro and summary, plus ONE case

X: Gruenfeld, D. H, Mannix, E. A., Williams, K. Y., & Neale, M. A. (1996). Group composition and decision making: How member familiarity and information distribution affect process and performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 61, 94-107.

Y: Moreland, R. L., Levine, J. M., & Wingert, M. L. (1996). Creating the ideal group: Composition effects at work. In E. Witte & J. H. Davis (Eds.), Understanding group behavior: Small group processes and interpersonal relations, Vol 2 (pp. 11-35). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Z: Watson, W. E., Kumar, K., & Michaelsen, L. K. (1993). Cultural diversity's impact on interaction process and performance: Comparing homogeneous and diverse task groups. Academy of Management Journal, 36, 590-602.

Week 7: Communication and Technology

ALL: Hackman, Part FIVE intro and summary, plus ONE case

X: Armstrong, D. J., & Cole, P. (1996). Managing distances and differences in geographically distributed work groups. In S. E. Jackson & M. N. Ruderman (Eds.). Work team diversity: Paradigms & perspectives (pp. 187-215). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Y: Kiesler, S., & Sproull, S. (1992). Group decision making and communication technology. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 52, 96-123.

Z: Weisband, S. P. (1992). Group discussion and first advocacy effects in computer-mediated and face-to-face decision making groups. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 53, 352-380.

Week 8: Group structure

ALL: Hackman, Part SIX intro and summary, plus ONE case

X: Bettenhausen, K. L., & Murnighan, J. K. (1985). The emergence of norms in competitive decision-making groups. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30, 350-372.

Y: Fleischer, R. A., & Chertkoff, J. M. (1986). Effects of dominance and sex on leader selection in dyadic work groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 94-99.

Z: Stasser, G. & Stewart, D., & Wittenbaum, G. M. (1995). Expert roles and information exchange during discussion: The importance of knowing who knows what. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 31, 244-266.

Week 9: Power, conflict, influence

ALL: Hackman, Part SEVEN intro and summary, plus ONE case

X: Jehn, K. A. (1995). A multimethod examination of the benefits and detriments of intragroup conflict. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40, 256-282.

Y: Tjosvold, D. (1995). Effects of power to reward and punish in cooperative and competitive contexts. Journal of Social Psychology, 135, 723-736.

Z: Yukl, G., & Tracey, J. (1992). Consequences of influence attempts used with subordinates, peers, and the boss. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 525-535.

Week 10: Putting it all together

ALL: Hackman, Conclusion

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