Visual Thinking:

Includes perception, memory, manipulation, and creation of two- and three-dimensional forms.

NOM, p. 109:

Representation of knowledge in the form of structures in motion; study of the relationships of these forms and structures; flow of images as pictures, diagrams, explanatory models, simple gestures; work with schemes and structures of the mind.

Scientific thinking:

Discovery and creation of systematic new knowledge through integrating abstract models and patterns in observational data.

NOM, p. 189-191

Scientists rely on analogy--detecting overlap and agreement between groups of facts, discovering functional or structural similarites between solved and unsolved problems.


Scientific thinking is constructive and speculaative,, but theories must not contradict empirical facts.


Scientific thinking depends on both logic and metaphor


Salovey's five domains (EI p. 43)

1. Self-awareness (INTRA)

2. Managing emotions (INTRA)

3. Motivating oneself (INTRA)

4. Empathy (INTER)

5. Handle relationships (INTER)

Hatch & Gardner: components of interpersonal intelligence and the roles that require them (EI p. 118)

1. Organize groups: leader

2. Negotiate solutions: mediator

3. Personal connection: friend

4. Social analysis: insight