Introduction to Experimental Psychology II HC 212, Spring 1999

Quiz 1


This quiz is composed of five multiple choice questions (1-5), one fill-in the blank question (6) and three short answer questions (7-9). Questions 1-8 are worth one point each; question 9 is worth two points.

For questions 1-3, refer to the text below:

A Psychology professor notes that there appears to be more talking among students sitting toward the back of the classroom during his lectures than among students sitting toward the front. He believes that this tendency represents an interaction between personality characteristics and environmental cues. Specifically, he suspects that there are attributes which lead certain students both to be more likely to sit in back and to talk more during class; he also reasons that sitting in back would have a disinhibitory effect upon students. Further, he believes that the environmental condition (sitting in back) is the more powerful of the two sources of increased noise production. He decides to conduct an experiment. In Condition 1, he arranges for teaching assistants to rate the amount of noise coming from various regions of the room. He also records which students sit where. The following class (Condition 2) he has the students randomly assigned to seats. The teaching assistants again code for the amount of noise coming from various regions of the room. Finally, during the next class (Condition 3) he has the students reverse their original seating arrangements so that those who had chosen to sit in front sat in back and vice-versa. Again, the amount of noise coming from various regions of the room was recorded.

For questions 1-5, circle the correct answer. Circle only one!

1. Based on the information above, the researcher's hypothesis is most likely that the amount of noise generated will be ______________.

a. lowest in condition 1

b. highest in condition 2

c. lowest in condition 2

d. lowest in condition 3

e. equal in conditions 1 and 2

2. Where the students sit is ______________.

a. a categorical independent variable

b. a continuous independent variable

c. a categorical dependent variable

d. a continuous interdependent variable

e. a continuous dependent variable

3. Of the four basic psychological perspectives discussed in Chapter 1, which perspective(s) did Holly identify in lecture as associated primarily with internal processes? ______________.

a. Behaviorist

b. Cognitive

c. Psychodynamic and behaviorist

d. Cognitive and Psychodynamic

e. Cognitive and Behaviorist

4. The inference "I jerked backwards, and my heart is racing; therefore, I must be scared" is consistent with the ______________ theory of emotion.

a. Singer-Bard

b. Fight/Flight

c. Cannon-Bard

d. Schachter-Singer

e. James-Lange

5. In the emotion hierarchy described in the text______________ fit the notion of basic emotions, recognized across all cultures.

a. worry and joy

b. anger, fear and disgust

c. hope and fear

d. positive and negative affect

e. joy, sadness and guilt

6. The ___________________________________ view of motivation is that motivation is a function of the value people place on an outcome and the extent to which they believe they can attain it (Please fill in the blank.)

7. Explain what inclusive fitness means.

The following two short answer questions refer to your first assigned reading by Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988).

8. In one sentence, describe the broad aim of the two experiments reported in the article.

9. Using A=Affect, B=Behavior, C=Cognition and M=Muscle position, write a brief statement showing the relation among these (such as C leads to M, which causes B) that Strack et al. hypothesized for experiment 2.