Quiz 1 Key

1. d

2. a

3. d

4. e

5. b

6. Either expectancy -value OR goal-setting are

acceptable answers.

7. Inclusive Fitness refers both to an individual's

reproductive success and his/her influence upon the

reproductive success of genetically related individuals.

8. To test the impact of facial expression on emotion, by

manipulating facial expressions with a new

methodology that avoids a cognitive interpretation of

the facial action.

9. B leads to M, which contributes to A, but not to C.

i.e. the behavior of holding a pen (between the teeth or

between the lips) activates facial muscles (used in

smiling or not smiling) which contributes to the

subjects' affective reactions, but does not affect their

cognitive evaluation of the cartoon.