Luminated Manuscripts: The Art and Craft
Linda Ethier is internationally regarded as one of the masters of  creating art with cast glass.  Luminated Manuscripts is among many of her commissioned works. For more about Ethier’s career, consult her web site

Ethier created the panels that comprise Luminated Manuscripts by firing glass particles in plaster casts. These plaster molds were created through the 'cire perdue' (lost wax) process.  With this process, wax figures are created and then embedded in plaster in such a way that upon heating, the wax melts away, leaving an impression in the plaster.  Glass (or another medium, like metal) is then placed in the plaster mold and fired at ca. 1500 degrees. The glass particles fuse in the heat.  After the firing, the plaster easily crumbles away from the glass object.  Ethier used ‘dichroic’ glass for Luminated Manuscripts. Dichroic glass has been coated with a metallic oxide to create an irridescent effect.

Ethier used another process (employing a rubber mold) to create duplicate wax objects.  This allowed her some flexibility in design and the ability to reuse the figures she crafted.   Thus, the duplicates of the wax figures employed to create the glass panels still exist. These figures are illustrated on this page. 

The complex medium of glass requires a great deal of artistry, skill, and experimentation to achieve the desired result.

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Ethier, with wax models used to create Luminated Manuscripts
Wax models
Wax models, in egg carton home
Cat in the Hat (Juvenile Collection), in wax and cast glass
Bach and Elvis (Douglas Listening Room)
Shakespeare (Comparative Literature)
Shakespeare, in wax and cast class
Ursula Le Guin (Oregon Collection)
Beverly Cleary (Oregon Collection)
David James Duncan (Oregon Collection)
Ethier's studio, with art works and supplies
Created 2 December 2003
Ed Teague <>