1. Contrast Durkheim’s definition of religion with those of Animist and Naturist theories of religion. On what grounds does he rebut these theories? Why is he so concerned with countering them?

2. In what ways is Durkheim theory of religion profoundly social? How does Durkheim answer the question, What social functions does religion serve in human life? Be sure to refer to totems. What is the source of the totem’s sacred character?

3. In what reality is religion rooted, in Durkheim’s view? In other words, in what reality does Durkheim ground religion?