Exam Topics A - REL 444/544 Medieval Japanese
Tuesday, Oct 10 in class.
The exam will be in two parts. Part I will be on matters related to
Writing Papers. Part II will be on topics covered thus far in the
readings and lecture material. You must receive prior permission for
absence as well as to take the exam separately. Only exceptional cases
will be allowed.
The exam will be multiple choice, and as covered in the syllabus,
will count 10% of your grade. There is only one right answer per
question. If there appears to be more than one right answer, pick the
If you have any questions about the exam or the topics included in
the exam, please ask me. You can come in during office hours, make an
appointment or send me email.
Part I: Writing Papers
Read the following essays and guidelines that are posted on the
Writing Papers links on my web pages:
I. Four Keys to Writing
in the Humanities
II. Four Stages of Writing
- III. Paper Writing
Writing: The Bridge between Consciousness and Unconsciousness
V. Clauses and Commas
Part II: Readings, Notes, and Lectures
- Notes and Key
Terms REL444 Early Buddhism, Two-fold Truth, and Emptiness (link
- You will not be tested on the last section
on the Four-fold Dialectic. Some of the terms we did not cover in
class. However, they are basic to studying Buddhism and have been
covered in all lower-level classes related to Buddhism.
- Early Buddhism: Three Treasures; Three
Baskets of Sacred Literature
- Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; Sutra, Sastra,
- Toshio Kuroda, "Shinto in the History of
- According to Kuroda, due to the modern
definition of Shinto, people misunderstand the status of Shinto in
medieval Japan. What is the key point in this regard?
Specifically, what is the difference between the early view of
"Shinto" as presented in such works as the Kojiki and Nihon
shoki and the later view developed in Japan as a modern
nation-state in the twentieth century?
- Joseph Kitagawa, "Chapter 6. The Shadow and
the Sun: A Glimpse of the Fujiwara and the Imperial Families in
- The Fujiwara were very influential through
many centuries of Japanese history. How did they exercise their
- Jeffrey P. Mass, "The Emergence of the
Kamakura Bakufu [Military Government]"
- Politics before the Kamakura Period
(1185-1333) revolved around the imperial court. Who came to power
thereafter, and how did they attain power? Why is this significant
for understanding the development of Japanese Buddhism?
- Robert Morrell, "Tendai's Jien as Buddhist
Priest" and Lecture, Week 2
- Jien had a view of returning his clansmen to
power. How is this related to the Buddhist idea of the Golden Age
of the historical Buddha Sakyamuni? How is Jien's membership in
the Fujiwara clan relevant to his being the Abbot of the Tendai