PHIL 213 Class notes, Week 5, Lecture 3
Buddhism III: Mahayana Buddhism: Early Chinese Buddhism
549-623 CE: Chi-tsang (Jizang), master of the San-lun (Sanlun) or
emptiness school of Chinese Buddhism.
538-597 CE: Chih-i (Zhiyi), master of the T'ien-t'ai (Tiantai)
school of Chinese Buddhism emphasizing that human nature is
A. Chi-tsang and the Emptiness School (San-lun)
- The "middle" as the intersection of form and emptiness, of
distinctions and no distinctions, word and beyond words
- The Four Middles: Comparative Middle, Exhaustive Middle, Absolute
Middle, and Creative Middle.
B. Chih-i and the T'ien-t'ai School
- Human Nature as Inherently Evil - Karmically Evil
- Buddha Nature as Inherently Evil - Both Good and Evil; Neither
Good Nor Evil.
- The Four Samadhis (Meditative Absorption) of Amitabha (Buddha of
- Sitting, Walking, Both Sitting and Walking, Neither Sitting