PHIL 213 Class notes, Week II, Lecture 1

 Three Ways of Being in Early Indian Philosophy

I. Review
Four-step logic (Tetralemma; Catus-koti)
Rig Veda, Bhagavad Gita, Gita Govinda (next time)
Ascetic, Householder/Warrior, Trickster/Transgressor

II. Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) - Teleological Suspension of the Ethical (suspending ethics for a higher goal)

Danish Philosopher and Theologian

Background of Thought

Works in Own Name: Explicit Christian Writings and Sermons

Pseudonymous Works: Fear and Trembling, Sickness Unto Death, and other works of philosophy of religion

The Story of Abraham and Isaac: Kierkegaard's reading of 1) renouncing the finite in favor of the infinite, and 2) leaping back into the finite world.

The Knight of Resignation and the Knight of Faith
Resignation of the Finite -> Reside in the Infinite; Paradox; Leap of Faith into the Finite

III. Comparisons with the story of Krishna and Arjuna from the Bhagavad Gita

Awareness -> Karma -> Liberation/Knowledge or Gnosis (transcendental knowing or wisdom)

Key Terms:
Brahman-atman, karma, moksa, jnana

Path of Holy Seeker, Path of Warrior/Householder