VERBAL ANALYSIS SKILLS:
(also from Halpern, 1996)
1.Recognize use of biased, emotionally charged
2. Misuse of definitions, reification, euphemism,
and bureacratese. (CT#2)
3. Framing with leading questions.
Example: Would you prefer the $5 or the $10
option? Have you stopped beating your wife.
4. Use of negation.
Hard to think of the negation of something without first imagining that it is true. Ex:
Tabloids: We have found no convincing
evidence that Princess Diana was murdered.
Example of how this can backfire:
Nixon: I am not a crook.
5. Note the usefulness and limitations of analogies and metaphors. All metaphors limp.
6. Use questioning and explaining as a skill for
Ask: What's the main point here? What are the
supporting points? Try to summarize and
explain what is being communicated. If you
can't, this is a cue to go back and read more
closely. Along with underlining, write in the
margins -- hold a dialogue with the author.